Quantitative reconstruction of orogenic convergence in the northeast Carpathians
Authors: Behrmann J.H., Stiasny S., Milicka J., Pereszlenyi M.
Journal: Tectonophysics (Elsevier)
Issue: 319 (2000) 111-127
Info: Article PDF
Link: Science direct
The NE Outer Carpathians form a fold-and-thrust belt of large displacement. This mainly consists of deformed Cretaceous-Tertiary deep-water clastics, and can be divided into an imbricate stack of four major supracrustal nappes (the Magura, Dukla, Silesian and Skole nappes). An extensive reflection seismic, surface geological and drillhole database i sused to constrain the deformed geometry of the two uppermost and southernmost allochtonous units: the Magura and Dukla nappes. A retro-deformable cross-section shows that the Cretaceous-Tertiary sediment piles are detached along a single, large décollement at about 5-7 km depth. The rear and frontal parts of the Magura nappe show steep imbricate fan geometries, while the central part has a duplex structure with long thrust horses. To the NE, the Dukla nappe is a stack of imbricate slices and is separated from the subjacent Silesian nappe by a large thrust flat. Reverse modeling of deformation reveals that the Magura nappe was horizontally shortened by at least 80 km, and the Dukla nappe by about 20 km in the NE-SW direction. Together with previously published estimates of shortening in the Silesian and Skole nappes, the total orogenic contraction in the NE Outer Carpathians is at least 260 km. Shortening was accumulated between the Middle Oligocene and the Middle Miocene. Almost all of the shortening can eb balanced against contemporaneous back-arc extension and eastward extrusion of rock masses from the Eastern Alps.
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